“Let our rigorous testing and reviews be your guidelines to A/V equipment – not marketing slogans”
Facebook Youtube Twitter instagram pinterest

MPAA get DMCA Takedown Notice, Taste of its Own Medicine

by December 04, 2007
The MPAA is gonna get you

The MPAA is gonna get you

In what is one of the tastiest ironies I’ve come across lately, the Motion Picture Association of America has had a Digital Millennium Copyright Act takedown notice issued to the ISP hosting a download of anti-piracy software that the MPAA wants universities to use to monitor ‘piracy’ on their networks.

Top that.

Circa October 25th, the MPAA circulated a letter to the top 25 universities that the MPAA has identified for file sharing. The letter points out recent legal decisions regarding file sharing, suggests that Congress has taken an interest in the topic, without mentioning the MPAA’s involvement in prodding that one, and suggests some digital tools that the MPAA has developed to allow confidential tracking of file sharing on university networks.

The tracking software, the University Toolkit that the MPAA is pushing on universities is dubious in the first place and so it drew the attention of computer security experts. David Taylor, an information security specialist with the University of Pennsylvania and the firm Security Fix performed a bit of digital dissection only to find that the University Toolkit is much more like a rootkit than a toolkit.

The toolkit is built from various pieces of open source software including the Ubuntu Linux platform as well as a number of other open source programs including Snort and Ntop to monitor network traffic and build charts from the data and displays them on a web page.

Here is where it gets interesting, despite the MPAA’s claims that the software does not send university network data back to the MPAA...

The first thing the software does is call home for an update, giving away the IP address on any computers that are running the software. After setting up an Apache web server on the local machine, snort and ntop start generating data about network activity by user, including visited web address. Unless the university has proper firewalls set up to hide unsolicited Internet traffic (which most don’t) the Apache server is visible to anyone with a web browser who knows the address or is clever with a search engine.

The University Toolkit does allow password protection to the data, but conveniently (for the MPAA) does not prompt to set one up during installation. Coupled with an Apache feature to record outside viewers of the website that is also conveniently (again for the MPAA) is set to default as 'Off'. This makes for a nice backdoor with built in anonymity.

Surprise, surprise, when questioned, representatives from the MPAA denied everything up and down.

Because the University Toolkit is built from all this free/open source software that all comes with GNU General Public Licenses there are some copyright burdens that the MPAA legally has to respect.

Also of interest is that this is not the first instance of the MPAA infringing the copyrights of others or even the second.

The issue at hand is that a GNU license requires that the source code for redistributed software, either in original form or modified form as the MPAA has done, must be included with the redistributed software, or made available unconditionally. GNU licensure turns the usually copyright tactic back on itself to make sure that copyright guarantees that the software has to be made available for use and reuse by all.

By this term of GNU GPL copyright, lack of available source code is copyright infringement.

Because Ubuntu Linux is provided under a GNU GPL, Ubuntu Foundation board member Matthew Garret sent a DMCA takedown notice to ISP hosting the toolkit website after repeated attempts to contact the MPAA by phone and email were ignored.

This exquisite irony works on so many levels, there is layer upon layer of flavors to this one.

The obvious top layer, the DMCA takedown notice itself, much like frosting or glaze, covers some of the more subtle inner ironies. But there’s more.

  • That the MPAA, sticklers for terms of copyrights they hold violated the copyright terms and stipulations of GNU licensure.

  • That the MPAA, one of the loudest proponents of locking down copyright to its intellectual property, is using open source software for free to target piracy.

  • That the MPAA, who uses lockdowns to make sure it is paid for every use of its intellectual property, is using free/open source software.

  • That the MPAA is using software protected by licensure born of the resistance to what the MPAA is trying to do with copyrights.

  • That the MPAA was dumb enough to base their secret software on an open source operating system that cannot be kept secret by GNU copyright terms.

  • The name of the distribution comes from the southern African concept of ubuntu which may be rendered roughly as "humanity toward others", "we are people because of other people", or "I am who I am because of who we all are”, though other meanings have been suggested.

Wikipedia: Ubuntu Linux

I am quite sure that the money-mongering MPAA doesn’t see anything wrong with horking some free software, even though it is an extremely egregious act of hypocrisy.

It does not matter that GNU Public License software is often free; GNU license developed out of the Free Software Foundation, a movement opposed to the type of overly pervasive and restrictive copyright protection that the MPAA insists upon for its own intellectual property.

The free software movement is founded on Four Freedoms:

  • Freedom 0: The freedom to run the program for any purpose.
  • Freedom 1: The freedom to study and modify the program.
  • Freedom 2: The freedom to copy the program so you can help your neighbor.
  • Freedom 3: The freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements to the public, so that the whole community benefits.

Quite a different take on intellectual property from what the likes of the MPAA, RIAA, Business Software Alliance, and other commercial content and entertainment providers hold.

No one but the MPAA benefits from the typical policies and views towards copyright.

About the author:
author portrait

Professionally, David engineers building structures. He is also a musician and audio enthusiast. David gives his perspective about loudspeakers and complex audio topics from his mechanical engineering and HAA Certified Level I training.

View full profile

Recent Forum Posts:

smartfast posts on December 05, 2007 22:53
I don't suppose we (the public) are allowed to use (or edit) their software, if we could get our hands on it?

Can't wait til that happens
b_panther_g posts on December 04, 2007 22:56
I'd love to hear the MPAA's explanation.

IMO, their entire business model is built on hypocrisy. Many studios made countless millions by bringing “timeless classics” to the big screen.

Where did they get these classics?

From stories that other people wrote. Stories that families have enjoyed for generations before motion pictures. Stories the studios got - absolutely free.

But suddenly, when these stories became movies, they magically become the sole property of a studio. They are locked in a volt and no one must do anything with it unless they pay a studio tax - oops I mean royalty.

What an amazing business!
yettitheman posts on December 04, 2007 21:59
Probably the funniest thing I've read so far today
Post Reply