CEA Encourages a Hard Analog Cut-off Date
ARLINGTON, Va. - May 11, 2005 - The following letter was sent from Gary Shapiro, president and CEO of the Consumer Electronics Association (CEA), to Congressman Joe Barton (R-TX) regarding the state of the digital television (DTV) transition:
"Dear Chairman Barton,
Thank you so much for your strong leadership on the digital television (DTV) transition. We believe you are doing the right thing for our nation in forcing the issue of a hard cut off date for analog broadcasting.
Both the debate and the actual setting of a firm date will have strong positive effects of moving this process along, publicizing the DTV transition, and freeing up the analog spectrum for more significant public safety and new technology uses.
We have provided some actual and projected data to assist your efforts.
Homes Relying Exclusively on Analog Over the Air Signals
In essence, the most important issue in cutting off of analog service is: who will be disenfranchised? Or, how many American homes will not receive a television signal on the cutoff date?
The fact is that the percentage of American homes relying only on an over the air signal is low and shrinking. While the vast majority of Americans receive local and network feeds via cable and satellite (and soon via telephone line, cellular, wireless broadband and the Internet), relatively few rely exclusively on a free over the air antenna signal.
If there is any doubt about this, consider the total lack of public outcry over the recent announcement that Monday Night Football will be soon available only to satellite and cable households!
Of the nearly 110 million American homes with at least one TV, 68% receive a cable signal and 22% receive a DBS signal. Our research shows that roughly 3% receive both cable and DBS. In total, 87% of American homes will have access to cable or satellite (and thus network and local feeds).
This means that if the cut off occurred today, less than 13% of the population of 110 million TV households would not have access to a broadcast signal through cable or satellite (though they could certainly start subscribing).
And this number is shrinking every year. Cable and satellite penetration continues to grow about one to two percentage points annually. Indeed, yesterday Sanford Bernstein said recent data suggest subscribers are growing 3.6 percent annually!
More, the number of non-subscribers only homes may be less relevant as broadband penetration grows. Broadcasters are increasingly providing their content through other means including the Internet and through cell phones. Just recently, Verizon announced that a deal where it would provide NBC's feed over its fiber network.
By the time of the actual cut-off -- combining present adoption trends for cable and satellite and forecasts for uptake of recently announced TV services from telcos like Verizon and SBC, as well as the change in purchasing likely to occur with a hard cut off date -- the number of American homes which would be cut off from any broadcast signal would be significantly less than 13%.
With respect to the people who have neither cable nor satellite, our research shows that this population's decision not to subscribe is generally not made for economic reasons. Instead, these are primarily people who do not watch a great deal of TV.
Those who do not subscribe to cable or satellite watch, on average 30% less television per week than cable and satellite subscribers. Nearly six of ten say television simply is not a high priority for them. Fewer than 30% indicate that insufficient funds play a role in their decisions not to subscribe to television.
But we must acknowledge that a small portion of the population will be adversely affected by an analog cut off. That is why we respect and understand your interest in creating a program whereby these viewers would have access to low cost digital-to analog converters.
However, given the rapid growth of alternative forms of media delivery, a government effort to ensure that every American has some type of service after the analog cut off will not be as widespread a challenge as some people believe.
Homes with Satellite or Cable
Broadcasters seek to make a large issue out of the unconnected analog TV sets in households that subscribe to satellite or cable TV. Broadcasters would have you believe that these sets are used extensively with antennas for watching over the air analog signals. In fact, primary viewing most often occurs on the TV that is connected to pay services. More often, the disconnected TVs are shunted to a less used room and hooked up with a DVD, VCR, or video game player. Indeed, our research shows these sets are used at least half the time for one of many alternate uses. More, as cable companies no longer have a monthly charge for additional outlets, this issue is irrelevant for the 68% of cable homes. In any event, with the analog cut off, these homes will not be disenfranchised, rather, they will simply purchase a D to A converter to continue receiving a broadcast signal, assuming they choose to do so.
Homes with Digital Televisions
Digital television has been adopted twice as quickly as color television. It took color television ten years to achieve 5% penetration from introduction; digital television products are already in 16 million American homes!
Broadcasters focus on the fact that most of these sets are not receiving an over the air signal. The fact is that the majority of these sets are hooked up to cable or satellite where increasingly, the signal is digital. Indeed, 3.5 million homes already have a television set with an integrated tuner or use a set top box to receive an ATSC signal. (Every DBS HD box also has an off-air DTV/HD tuner and is part of this calculation). We estimate that an additional 1.5 million homes are cable households who can receive DTV/HD broadcasts via cable. This means today that some five million American homes receive a DTV signal.
This estimate is consistent with our projections made in 1997 when Congress passed the law focusing on the 2006 deadlines. That same day in 1997 CEA issued a press release projecting that DTV penetration would only be 30% by the deadline. We recently had to scale back our overly optimistic DTV sales projections for 2005. We had based those projections on early FCC action on the tuner mandate petition and extensive promotion of cablecards, neither of which came to pass. We believe that 2005 DTV product sales will actually jump to 14.8 million units from 7.1 million units in 2004.
Future Sales Projections
To assist your focus on a hard cut off date, we are providing integrated DTV shipment estimates (meaning those sets with an integrated DTV tuner) for the next few years based on certain assumptions. Future projections are difficult as they are based on consumers making buying decisions which are affected by a range of factors we can't control, such as the economy, programming options, manufacturer offerings and government action. These forecasts assume the following:
1. Congress will Pass in 2005 a Hard cut-off Date for Analog Broadcasting. This is the most important factor, as setting any reasonable date will allow consumers to focus on the inevitable, allow manufacturers to include a warning label for analog sets that is tied to a clear date (manufacturers cannot do that now as the cut off dates are unclear). Further, this will allow strong publicity about the inevitability of the transition.
2. The FCC will Act Quickly on the CEA Petition to Eliminate the 50% Schedule and Accelerate the 100% Schedule to March 2006 on Mid-Size Television Sets (25 inches to 36 inches). Again, we recently scaled back our overly optimistic DTV sales projections for 2005. Our initial projections were based in part on early FCC action on the tuner mandate petition and more aggressive promotion and sales of cable card which in turn would drive sales of digital cable ready sets (which contain a tuner as dictated by the standard). Fewer sets with tuners will be sold if the FCC fails to act quickly on the CEA petition to remove the 50% rule OR imposes an earlier deadline for the inclusion of DTV tuners sets. Manufacturers have production cycles and respond to market demands and consumers and retailers are not demanding integrated sets.
3. National Groups for Local Broadcasters Will Continue to Do Little or Nothing to Promote Free Over the Air Digital Television. CEA has spent millions of dollars participating in home shows, with traveling media spokesmen, on brochures, on awards programs, and on creating and updating a website focused exclusively on helping people buy over the air antennas. Our antenna promotion website, www.antennaweb.org , receives 200,000 hits per month and promotes over the air broadcasting. Consumers face many choices and the free market decision to buy a more expensive TV with a digital tuner is a difficult one when broadcasters are quiet and consumers can get the service they want over cable or satellite. If broadcasters devote their considerable muscle to promoting free over the air digital television, then we would expect to see greater consumer interest in and sales of digital televisions with over the air tuners.
Given these assumptions, our sales projections for the next three years folow:
TV Market Forecast All data is in thousands 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Total Analog Only 23306 17657 11284 5254 1441 58943 ATSC Integrated Sets 1500 8857 16659 27011 32761 86788 DTV Monitors 6586 5945 5903 3925 3016 25375 Total TV 31392 32460 33847 36191 37217 171107 DTV Set-top Boxes 475 1676 3029 2763 2418 10362
An analog transmission cut off is important for our nation. But, it will have little practical impact on the viewing habits of the vast majority of Americans. As 87% of American homes do not rely on over the air signals for broadcast content, the impact and even the need for televisions with tuners is increasingly questionable.
Indeed, it is remarkable that the organizations of local broadcasters seeking to delay an analog cut off are the same organizations that have refused to educate the public on the existence, much less the value, of free over the air service. In short, while PBS and some local broadcasters have been exemplary in their educational efforts, the national broadcaster organizations have done almost nothing to promote to the public the value of free over the air broadcasting. Instead, they have used a "Washington only" strategy of delaying the cut off date and seeking restrictions on cable, satellite and TV set makers (and now they are going after telephone companies who provide video signals).
The public, not the broadcasters, owns this spectrum. The broadcasters now have twice the spectrum they were originally loaned, and they are clearly unwilling to give it up. The country needs this spectrum, and the 13% (see above) of American homes today (and fewer each year) who rely solely on free over the air broadcasting will understand that they have alternatives once a hard cut off date is set.
The needs of the many are too great, the spectrum is way under-utilized, and the stakes are high. We urge you to stay the course and impose a hard deadline and we stand ready to help you in this noble cause."
The Consumer Electronics Association (CEA) is the preeminent trade association promoting growth in the consumer technology industry through technology policy, events, research, promotion and the fostering of business and strategic relationships. CEA represents more than 2,000 corporate members involved in the design, development, manufacturing, distribution and integration of audio, video, mobile electronics, wireless and landline communications, information technology, home networking, multimedia and accessory products, as well as related services that are sold through consumer channels. Combined, CEA's members account for more than $121 billion in annual sales. CEA's resources are available online at www.CE.org , the definitive source for information about the consumer electronics industry.
CEA also sponsors and manages the International CES - Defining Tomorrow's Technology. All profits from CES are reinvested into industry services, including technical training and education, industry promotion, engineering standards development, market research and legislative advocacy.